You Credit Score: How's Your FICO?
Since we live in an computer-driven society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
Credit reporting agencies use your history of paying all types of loans in order to build your FICO score.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. The original FICO score was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
While Experian still calls its score "FICO", TransUnion calls its score "Beacon" and Equifax uses "Empirica." While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; they all use the following factors to calculate a credit score:
- Your Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Late Payments - Have you paid more than 30 days late?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you have, and how much do you owe on them?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are weighted differently depending on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. Credit scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher is better. Typical home buyers likely find their credit scores falling between 620 and 800.
Your score greatly affects how much you pay in interest every month
FICO scores affect more than your ability to get a loan. They also affect your interest rate. Lenders give lower interest rates to individuals with higher scores.
Improving your score
What can you do to raise your FICO score? Very little in the short term. Because the score is entirely based on your lifelong credit history, it's difficult to change it quickly. (Of course you can and should have incorrect items removed from your credit report.)
Getting your credit score
Before you can improve your credit score, you must obtain your score and make certain that the reports from each agency are correct. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the original FICO score, sells scores on its website: myFICO.com. For a reasonable fee, you can quickly get your FICO from all three reporting agencies, along with your credit report. Also available are information and tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report every year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is fast and very inexpensive.
Now that you have all the facts, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the right mortgage for you.
Curious about your credit score? Call us at (941) 366-5800.
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