How FICO Credit Scores Are Calculated
Since we live in an automated society, it should come as no surprise that your ability to repay your mortgage boils down to just one number.
The years of paying your various bills: your mortgage, vehicle payments, and credit card bills are analyzed, spindled and mutilated into a single indicator of whether you're likely to meet your future obligations.
The three reporting agencies use slightly different formulas to build a credit score. Fair Isaac and Cooriginally developed this score. .
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, each agency uses the following to determine a credit score:
- Credit History - Have you had credit for many years, or for a short time?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Credit Card Balances - How many accounts do you carry? How much do you owe?
- Requests for Credit - How many times have lenders pulled your credit report for the purpose of giving you a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little from one agency to another. Credit scores range from 300 to 800. Higher is always better. Most borrowers who want to get a mortgage loan score 620 or above.
FICO makes a big difference in interest rates
Did you know? Credit scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
What can you do about your FICO score? Unfortunately, not much. Because the score is entirely based on a lifetime of credit history, it's very difficult to significantly improve the number with quick fixes. You must, of course, remove any incorrect reporting on your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
Know your FICO
To improve your score, you must obtain the reports that are used to build it, and of course, you need the score itself. Fair Isaac, the company that invented the first FICO credit score, offers credit scores on its website: myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score as well as credit reports from all three reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a free credit report once a year from the three major credit reporting agencies when you visit AnnualCreditReport.com. These reports do not include a free score, but it's very inexpensive to get one at the same time.
Armed with this info, you'll be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to obtain the most favorable mortgage.
Want to know more about your credit score? Give us a call: (941) 366-5800.