Scoring your Credit - How's your FICO?
Since we live in a computer-driven world, it's probably not that surprising that your creditworthiness boils down to a single number.
The FICO score is created by credit reporting agencies. They use the payment history from your various loans: credit cards, mortgages, car/boat loans and the like.
All three major credit agencies (Equifax, Experian and TransUnion) use a slightly different system to arrive at a credit score. The original FICO was developed by Fair Isaac and Company.
Experian uses this model and calls its score FICO. Equifax's model, based on FICO, is called BEACON, while TransUnion, which also uses a slightly modified FICO, calls its score EMPIRICA. While each of the models considers a range of data available in your credit report, the differences aren't huge; each agency uses the following factors to build a credit score:
- Credit History - How long have you had credit?
- Payment History - Do you have a history of late payments?
- Your Credit Card Balances - How many credit card accounts do you hold, and how much do you owe on them?
- Inquiries on Your Credit - How many times have you had your credit checked for a loan?
These factors are assigned weights based on the formula being used. Each formula produces a single number which may vary a a little by agency. FICO scores can be as low as 300 and as high as 800. Higher scores are better. Most borrowers getting a mortgage loan in the current environment have a score above 620.
FICO makes a huge difference in interest rates
FICO scores are used for more than just determining whether or not you qualify for a mortgage. Higher scores indicate you are a better credit risk, and thus may qualify for a better mortgage rate.
Improving your score
Unfortunately, there isn't a lot you can do to immediately improve your credit score. Some companies promise quick fixes, but they can't do anything different than what you can do — for free. You must appeal for the credit agency to remove any incorrect reporting from your credit report, which is the only "quick fix" for credit problems.
How do I find out my credit score?
In order to improve your credit score, you must obtain the reports that are used to build it. Of course, you need the score as well. Fair Isaac, the corporation that offered the first FICO credit score, offers scores on myFICO.com. It's inexpensive, fast, and easy to get your credit score along with reports from all three credit reporting agencies. They also provide helpful information and online tools that can help you analyze what actions might have the greatest impact on your FICO score.
You can get a federally-mandated free credit report once per year from the three major credit reporting agencies by visiting AnnualCreditReport.com. You won't get a free credit score from AnnualCreditReport.com, but getting it is quick and very inexpensive.
Armed with this information, you will be a more informed consumer and you'll be better positioned to get the right mortgage for you.
Curious about credit scores? Give us a call at (941) 366-5800.